The Liquid Helium industry concentration is very high; manufacturers are mostly gather in United States, Qatar, Algeria, and Russia. Consumption areas are more focused in North America， Europe, and Japan. American has a long history and unshakable status in this industry.
Many companies have several plants, but they do not usually close to aimed consumption market. So the product has high transportation costs.
From the previous five years, the production and capacity were increasing but the growth rate is very low. With the growth demand of medical devices like MRI and NMR, also scientific and engineering development, the demand of Liquid helium is growing gradually.
The import and export percentages of this industry are very high. Because almost the whole countries use helium and few countries have liquid helium reserves. China for example, it is importing liquid helium from USA and Qatar areas where they produce helium.
Liquid Helium has limited applications compared of gas form helium. The demand of Liquid helium will keep increasing in the future.